Tawahin es-Sukkar, located in the village of Safi, is a sugar mill, dating back to the Mamluk period (12th-15th centuries AD).
The main steps in the production of sugar were: crushing the sugar cane to extract the juice, boiling the juice to give a syrup, removal of both color and non-sucrose substances, and finally sugar crystallisation.
The old name of Safi is Zughar. Zughar produced a lot of high-quality sugar, some of which was exported to Europe. Because of its quality, or the amount they produced, or whatever else, the name of the town became so closely associated with sugar that people simply began using the name of the town to refer to the sweetener. This has been disputed by others, but we like the story!
© Henk Bos. Any use of this image without permission is a violation of the copyright.